Patrons with developmental disabilities have many of the same recreational and information needs as do all patrons. Intellectual disabilities (ID, formerly mental retardation) have multiple causes. Many people with developmental disabilities do not have any distinguishable physical characteristics. Intelligence is the general mental capacity that involves reasoning, planning, solving problems, thinking abstractly, comprehending complex ideas, learning efficiently, and learning from experience (AAIDD, 2010). Some types of medical conditions can also affect the brain's development. If one wants to distinguish whether or not autism is a disability, one needs to look at the characteristics of autism. 3 Examples of conditions commonly encompassed under the term developmental disability include intellectual disability, autism, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and hearing … People with intellectual and cognitive disabilities may live independently. This article provides a list of all such disabilities, and explains them briefly for a better understanding. Developmental delay is different from developmental disabilities, which include such conditions as cerebral palsy, hearing loss, and autism spectrum disorder and which usually last for life. View SPE/574 course topics and additional information. The term "developmental disabilities" is a broader category of often lifelong disability that can be intellectual, physical, or both. About This Quiz & Worksheet. For example, there are many genetic causes. Abstract: This chapter briefly describes the characteristics of individuals with developmental disabilities and the challenging behaviors frequently displayed by this population. ... certain specific syndromes that cause ID have personality characteristics associated with that particular syndrome. Developmental disabilities are significantly different from other kinds of disabilities. Developmental disabilities are attributable to a cognitive impairment, physical impairment, or both. Other Developmental Disabilities People may have other neurological conditions closely related to intellectual disability that could also qualify as a developmental disability. Developmental disabilities are a set of physical and mental conditions that cause an impediment in the normal functioning of various biological systems in the human body. Characteristics and Considerations Includes people who need the same kinds of support as those who have intellectual disability. Based on varying definitions of developmental disability, the prevalence is estimated to range from 1.3 million (narrow definition) to 1.7 million (middle definition) to 4.6 million (broad … Research on the behavioral principles that have been shown to account for the occurrence of … 2 "IDD" is the term often used to describe situations in which intellectual disability and other disabilities are present. 9 Clinical Characteristics of Intellectual Disabilities. NIMH states that ASD is a developmental disorder, called this because symptoms usually occur during the first two years of development. Developmental disability, any of multiple conditions that emerge from anomalies in human development.The essential feature of a developmental disability is onset prior to adulthood and the need for lifelong support. DIAGNOSIS AND ASSESSMENT. They manifest during the developmental period from birth … Estimates of persons with developmental disabilities were made using these data. 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