Contact our Arctic Travel Advisors today to find out how you can get opportunities to view wildlife including narwhal, polar bears and more, among spectacular landscapes and experience the rich culture of the Arctic. Antarctica does host anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 scientists each year to conducting research, and tourists from around the world, of course. Besides playful penguins it is home to several seal species, including leopard seals and southern elephant seals, and sea lions. Here they can be found huddled by the hundreds in their colonies, or out fishing in the southern waters. A cold desolate continent covered in miles of ice and snow year-round, the south pole of Antarctica … The Land: Arctic vs Antarctica Landscapes of the Arctic. The distance between the two polar regions is 20,117 kms (12,500 mi). The Arctic is largely sea, with the north pole over 400 miles away from the nearest land mass. Cultural experiences in the Arctic may include visiting remote communities with historic Viking and Inuit settlements, throat singing or other cultural demonstrations. However, both regions have similar seasonal patterns. It is also very deep, reaching more than 4,000 meters in some areas. Its only significance lies in its relationship to the seasonal behaviour of light, which is of only limited importance and has nothing to…. It is located 700 km (430 mi) north of the nearest point of land, the northern tip of Greenland. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and surrounding land, including all of Greenland and Spitsbergen, and the northern parts of Alaska, Canada, Norway, and Russia. Median Antarctic SBI f, Δz, and ΔT are 58%, 197 m, and 2.6 K, respectively. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. CONTACT US The Antarctic (or Antarctica) Circle is one of the five major circles or parallels of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It is the fifth largest land mass on the planet. The Antarctic is 98% covered in ice. Key Difference: The most obvious difference between Antarctic and Arctic is that Antarctic is located in the southern hemisphere and encompasses the South Pole region, whereas Arctic is located in the northern hemisphere and encompasses the North Pole region. The Arctic is a semi-enclosed ocean, almost completely surrounded by land. In the Arctic you can find many animals roaming the land such as: Arctic fox, Arctic hares, seals, walrus, caribou, reindeer, musk ox, lemmings, squirrels, many species of birds, and of course, polar bears. You can find a large population of whales, including the largest animal to ever live, the blue whale. February and March mark the best times for whale sightings. As a whole, the Arctic is home to far more animals than the Antarctic. GET OUR BROCHURE Many travellers enjoy experiencing local culture when visiting the Arctic. Your email address will not be published. In the summer, much of the water around Antarctica becomes freshwater from these melting ice-sheets and glaciers. Let us know what you’re searching for and we’ll do our best to find what you need. Arctic Kingdom Inc. – PO Box 6117, Iqaluit NU X0A 0H0 – Canada, +1 (888) 737-6818 | adventures@arctickingdom.com, COPYRIGHT 2021 Arctic Kingdom It is also home to many species of whales like narwhal, beluga, bowhead, and some orca whales. TOUR IQALUIT, A Reindeer’s Biggest Migration: Santa’s Sleigh, Remembering John Shiwak, WW1’s Inuk Sniper. The national parks of Baffin Island, Auyuittuq and Sirmilik National Parks, are some of the most spectacular natural areas in the world. The Arctic Circle, a parallel of latitude, has little value in understanding the distribution and limits of the marine Arctic flora and fauna. Although sea ice moves around the Arctic basin, it tends to stay in the cold Arctic waters. Small plants and shallow root systems compensate for the thin layer of soil, and small leaves minimize the amount of water lost through the leaf surface. The two landscapes however are made up in very different ways. Its boundary is irregular and is often defined by either the northern limit of stands of trees on land, or by a mean July temperature of ~10°C (50°F). | The primary difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is geographical. Antarctic Circle. The Arctic encompasses a vast frozen ocean around the North Pole, surrounded by the landmasses of North America, Greenland, Svalbard, Northern Europe and Russia, while Antarctica is a frozen continent anchored by the South Pole and surrounded by vast open oceans. | Shown on the image above with a dashed red line, this parallel of latitude sits at approximately 66.33° south of the Equator. Your email address will not be published. Hover your mouse over the image below to see where the ridges and plains are. Some parts of the Arctic are covered by ice (sea ice, glacial ice, or snow) year-round, and nearly all parts of the Arctic experience long periods with some form of ice on the surface.Average January temperatures range from about −40 to 0 °C (−40 to 32 °F), and winter temperatures can drop below −50 °C (−58 °F) over large parts of the Arctic. While the most obvious difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is their geographical location, there are many more reasons the two are on opposite sides of the globe. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. On the Canadian side of this ridge the Fletcher and Wrangel Abyssal plains form a deep, irregular basin between the Lomonosov and the Alpha Ridges. The Arctic has a rich culture. This is helped by the fact that Arctic territories are connected to continents like North America, Europe or Asia; while Antarctic is a harsh and isolated continent. The Arctic is a circle of land masses intermingled by the Arctic Ocean, while Antarctica is a solid island of ice. The ice drifts around the polar basin under the influence of winds and currents, breaking up during blizzards and then refreezing. You can get chances to see the Northern Lights from late-August to April. The biggest celebrities of the North and South poles are the polar bears, narwhal and penguins, both exclusive to one of the hemispheres. Recent sampling efforts and following metagenomics have shed light on the global ocean microbial diversity and function, yet the microbiota of polar regions has not been included in such global analyses. The Arctic Circle is the southernmost latitude in the Northern Hemisphere at which the … But the wildlife, landscape and local culture really sets the Arctic and Antarctic apart. Between Canada and the Alpha Ridge lies the largest of the Arctic sub-basins, the Canada Abyssal Plain, a sweeping, broad area with an average depth of 12,000 feet that includes much of the Arctic Ocean. Take a journey through time in our next module », Mailing List | Feedback | Glossary | For Teachers | About Us | Contact © 2005 Dive and Discover is a registered trademark of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Exp. Our Paddle Excursion Program provides sit-on-top, two-person, inflatable kayaks that provide guests with an intimate, water-level experience in unforgettable locations in both the Arctic and Antarctica. For those wondering what makes these polar opposites so special, here are the key differences: The most frequently asked question about these two poles is “what wildlife can I see?”. Subscribe to get an inside look at the Arctic from anywhere. The Arctic Circle, incidentally, is an imaginary line located at 66º, 30'N latitude, and as a guide defines the southernmost part of the Arctic. Pressure ridges form when ice floes collide. The United States is one of 12 original signatories to the Antarctic Treaty and has a long history of interest in the region. The Northwest Passage alone boasts a fascinating history of exploration. The Arctic includes parts of eight countries – Canada, the United States, Iceland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia Canada alone is home to 60% of the world’s polar bear population and 75% of the narwhal population. In summer, the ice breaks ups and the enormous ice-sheets crack and split. As a result, the sea ice that forms in the Arctic is not as mobile as sea ice in the Antarctic. This is when penguin eggs will begin hatching. These icebergs will float past Nunavut, so often that the community of Qikiqtarjuaq has an area known as “iceberg alley.” The iceberg that sunk the Titanic came from here! In summer, migratory birds and other wildlife come to the Arctic to raise their young. The total surface area roughly doubles each winter as sea-ice forms around the coasts. Sea ice differs between the Arctic and Antarctic, primarily because of their different geography. The Arctic is named for the north polar constellation “Arktos”—Greek for “bear.” It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. Location, Landmass & Access. Antarctica is home to several marine animals. When choosing polar destinations, Antarctica is often top of mind for many people but the Arctic offers distinct and incredible travel experiences. The Antarctic is the South Pole and is the Southern-most part of the world. The Arctic is located at the northernmost part of our planet. With a height of 2,835 m (9,300 ft) above sea level, people have been known to get attitude sickness at the South Pole. While Antarctica is nearly completely ice, the Artic has mountains, hills, plains, rivers, tundra, and the taiga, the world’s largest biome. • Arctic is the region on the top-most corner of the globe while Antarctic at the bottom most corner. Both the Arctic and the Antarctic are vast and remote, considered the last untamed wildernesses in the world. Numerous populations have inhabited the Arctic for thousands of years. You can get some of the best chances to view and photograph iconic animals like polar bears and narwhal on Arctic Safaris including Narwhal & Polar Bear Safari. Note: Choosing between the Arctic and Antarctica will depend heavily on what time of year you’re able to travel. LEGAL It extends up to 60° degrees north. Do you have a question about getting here? The Nansen-Gakkel Ridge (Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge), an active seafloor spreading center stretches across the basin north of western Russia. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent and the largest to have no permanent residence. Antarctica experiences its summer in January. Antarctic Circle, parallel, or line of latitude around the Earth, at 66°30′ S. | These stable, rugged and comfortable crafts are an ideal way to … Antarctic cruises provide opportunities to see whales and other wildlife. It is mostly covered by pack-ice (frozen sea-water) averaging 2-3 meters thick. While there are also cruise options for the Arctic, land-based Arctic safaris also offers the incredible opportunity to experience wildlife up-close. Antarctic and Arctic are two regions on Earth. It is not a continent which constitutes its (major difference to Antarctica. The South Pole is a point on the giant ice sheet located 1,300 km (800 mi) from the nearest open sea at the Bay of Whales. In fact, the largest land animal on the continent is a wingless insect. What is the difference between the Arctic vs Antarctica? Antarctica is a continent located around the South Pole. Click here to tell us how we can help. These changes largely result from the geographic differences mentioned above, namely Antarctic sea ice’s distance from the pole (sea ice can melt ba… Operation Highjump, officially titled The United States Navy Antarctic Developments Program, 1946–1947, was a United States Navy operation organized by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd Jr., USN (Ret), Officer in Charge, Task Force 68, and led by Rear Admiral … These areas have large mammals, such as caribou, bears, wolves and foxes, and a variety of plants. It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. These include Inuit of North America, the Sami of Northern Europe and the Yakuts of Siberia who have long inhabited the Arctic. Geographically, the Arctic is made up of portions of eight different countries: Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, and the United States. The breath-taking scenery and iconic wildlife of the Arctic and Antarctic are a must-see for adventurous travellers from around the world. There are also Antarctic fly and cruise options for those that opt to skip the tumultuous Drake Passage. Compared to the Arctic, Antarctic sea ice shows less variability in summer, and more variability in winter. Also, a belt of floating mass of ice debris called the ice pack surrounds the continent of Antarctica. Polar bears and narwhals are only found in the Arctic. GET OUR BROCHURE Here a metagenomic study of seawater samples (n = 60) collected from different depths at 28 locations … The Arctic is not the Antarctic and the Antarctic is not the Arctic.” Antarctica is surrounded by the vast Southern Ocean, which is soaking up much of the atmosphere’s excess heat. Required fields are marked *. Polar bears can be seen almost year-round in different areas of the Arctic. Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest of Earth's seven continents, and 98 percent of the continent is covered by ice with no tundra, trees or bushes. ("Perennial" refers to the oldest and thickest sea ice.) Sea ice waxes and wanes with the seasons, but minimum and maximum extents rarely match from year to year; over years and decades, summer and winter extents vary. Antarctica is mostly an ice sheet, with the south pole located some 800 miles from the sea. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Arctic is named for the north polar constellation “Arktos”—Greek for “bear.” It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. • Antarctica is a continent surrounded by the world’s stormiest seas. If it’… Penguins are only found in the southern hemisphere in Antarctica, South America and the southern cape of Africa. This is also the time to witness wildlife migrations, including narwhal and beluga at the floe edge. Southern Ocean, also called Antarctic Ocean, the southern portions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans and their tributary seas surrounding Antarctica. Photo by Chris Linder, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. You can view all other Arctic Safaris here. Interested in one of our trips? Arctic/Antarctica Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. The North Pole is a point in the middle of | TOUR IQALUIT. Antarctic Circle. Both polar destinations can be extreme but spectacular for travellers seeking a unique trip. The North Pole is a point in the middle of the Arctic Ocean that is permanently covered in sea ice. If you were to stand at either pole, the view would be superficially very similar, there would be a great expanse of flat (ish) white snow and ice as far as the eye can see with few or no other features to break up the vista. That is Arctic is at the North pole and Antarctic at the South pole. Scientists usually define the Arctic as … | The size and shape of the Arctic Ocean Basin are roughly similar to those of the Antarctic continent, and it is 1.5 times the size of the continental US. By Ancient Origins - March, 22 2020 According to Hollow Earth Theory, the Earth is a hollow planet with ancient entrances to the subterranean world scattered throughout it, including near both polar caps. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and surrounding land, including all of Greenland and Spitsbergen, and the northern parts of … In the Arctic, you can experience 24-hours of sunshine in the spring and summer – May to August. The polar regions offer incredible, life-changing experiences in destinations that few have visited. Geographically, the Arctic is made up of portions of eight different countries: Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, and the United States. The north and south polar regions follow similar patterns for daylight throughout the year, just at opposite times of the year. | The Arctic is a region of the planet, north of the Arctic Circle, and includes the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Baffin Island, other smaller northern islands, and the far northern parts of Europe, Russia (Siberia), Alaska and Canada. To the north, Greenland has the second largest polar ice cap next to Antarctica. Arctic & Antarctic. Its coastline is made up of icy mountain glaciers and smooth ice-sheet. The seafloor is subdivided by three great ridges that run almost parallel across the top of the Earth between Greenland and Siberia. | In addition to soaring icebergs, the landscapes of the Arctic include dramatic mountains, fiords and rolling tundra. This forms giant icebergs that melt as they float north throughout the summer. Arctic Antarctica Location: Located around the North Pole, bordering on Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Finland and Russia. The Arctic: Cruising season is determined largely by the sea ice. Interacting with local Inuit and learning about traditional practices is also a highlight for many guests on Arctic Safaris. Polar habitats are located on the very top and very bottom of the Earth – the North Pole, which is called the Arctic, and the South Pole, which is the continent of Antarctica. The Arctic, also known as the North Pole, is the Northern-most part of the world. 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