The movement spread to other universities in South Africa and has now arrived in Oxford, where Oriel College is under pressure to take down a statue marking Rhodes's large financial contribution. A statue of the slave owner and philanthropist Edward Colston was torn down and thrown into Bristol harbour while a monument to Robert Milligan, an 18th Century Scottish merchant, was removed … Some … UK minister says controversial statues should be put in context ... “What has stood for generations should be considered thoughtfully, not removed on a … If they did, we would be living in a country of empty plinths, I think.”. Weekly quiz: What was the inauguration poem called? .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Jonathan Hutchinson/Flickr, Republicans seek delay 'to give Trump fair trial'. But then asked whether statues could be removed by local consent, the spokesman said: “As he said earlier this week, there are democratic processes for this sort of thing, and that’s what should … 'Only our generation can heal America' Video, The vehicle that got a village smiling. Virginia Gov Ralph Northam on Thursday ordere… On 9 April 2015, the University of Cape Town removed a statue commemorating the 19th century British imperialist Cecil Rhodes [Ref: BBC News].This was the culmination of a month long campaign by both students and academics as part of the ‘Rhodes Must Fall’ movement, which argued that Rhodes was more than just … But a petition has been countered by a series of figures counselling caution, including historian Mary Beard who said it was "not the job of the present to tick the past off". ", Another wrote: "I read with disbelief and disgust that a monument is to be erected to 'Bomber' Harris. But Cromwell also oversaw military massacres in Ireland, and there have been calls from MPs for the statue to be removed. .css-po6dm6-ItalicText{font-style:italic;}Subscribe to the BBC News Magazine's email newsletter to get articles sent to your inbox. CONFEDERATE statues and monuments honoring slave traders are being taken down amid worldwide anti-racism protests spurred by the death of George Floyd. UK statues which anti-racism protesters want to have taken down. 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"I do also take the point that if you look at many of the people celebrated in statues, they have been responsible for death and destruction," says Dresser. Thousands of people are demanding the removal of controversial monuments and statues around the UK, which campaigners describe as “racist and unwelcoming”. Certainly, a public remembrance to the very brave British airmen is long overdue, so long as the names of the instigators of the barbarity are not mentioned. The stimulation of debate prompted by a call to remove a statue can be a good thing, says historian Prof Madge Dresser, from the University of the West of England, who has written extensively about the legacy of slavery. The US is undergoing a cultural battle over symbols of the Confederate era that has seen .css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:700;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-1xgj2ad-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}a statue of Jefferson Davis removed from the University of Texas-Austin. UK Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick said new legal protections mean that historic statues should be “retained and explained” for future generations and individuals who want to remove any historic statue, whether protected with a “listed” status or not, will now require listed building consent or planning permission. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. People might not want to take their cue from the medieval Christians who gleefully melted down bronze equestrian statues of pagan Roman emperors and reused the metal. His sister Emma Soames said she had been shocked to see the statue boarded up, but that she understood why it had been necessary. UK Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick said new legal protections mean that historic statues should be “retained and explained” for future generations and individuals who want to remove any historic statue, whether protected with a “listed” status or not, will now require listed building consent or planning permission. To take the example of Colston in Bristol, the current positive plaque on his statue could be replaced by one that made clear that he was involved in the slave trade. "It's better on the whole to keep the statues but to recontextualise them.". Calls have been made to remove statues across the UK that commemorate Britain’s slave trade history (Picture: PA/Getty) Calls to remove statues across … The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The statue of slave owner Robert Milligan in London has already been taken down, while there are plans to temporarily remove the monument for Robert Baden-Powell, the … There are a slew of figures in London from the same period - all involved in some way in slavery - whose statues are still standing. Rhodes believed the English were a "master race" and he was instrumental in the seizure of swathes of African land. Thus a debate could be started. "The statue represents what is wrong with society." The demonstration was organised by the Rhodes Must Fall campaign group and came after activists identified 60 UK statues they want removed for 'celebrating slavery and racism' as … The UK government has come under fire for plans to introduce a law protecting statues from being removed ‘on a whim or at the behest of a baying mob’. "He represents the former colonial representation of this country - supremacy, racism, misogyny," said student representative Ramabina Mahapa. “The statues in the Capitol should embody our highest ideals as Americans, expressing who we are and who we aspire to be as a nation,” said the California Democrat in … Dowden tweeted: “As Culture Sec I would like us to use heritage to educate people about all aspects of Britain’s complex past, good and bad, rather than airbrushing history.”. A GOVERNMENT minister has said there should be no statues of slave traders in modern Britain as protesters drew up a "hit list" of 60 to be removed. In Moscow the Muzeon sculpture park is known as “the graveyard of Soviet-era statues”. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Winston Churchill’s statue in Parliament Square, London, before it was covered this week. Nicholas Soames, a former Conservative minister and Sir Winston Churchill’s grandson, said he was deeply upset after the former prime minister’s statue was defaced. Statues of two politicians in central London will be removed over their links to the slave trade. But Cromwell also oversaw military massacres in Ireland, and there have been calls from MPs for the statue to be removed. UK Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick said new legal protections mean that historic statues should be “retained and explained” for future generations and individuals who want to remove … Why is Cecil Rhodes such a controversial figure? Dowden said in the letter that many of the monuments were listed and could not be removed without planning permission via a quasi-judicial process. Statues are lightning rods, symbols of the prevailing values of the society. The statue of Edward Colston, which was rolled into Bristol harbour, has since been removed by local authorities and taken to a … Historic England gave the government its full backing, and said it was against the removal of “contested heritage”. But he also stands accused of leading massacres in Ireland. But for many other statues the argument is far less clear-cut. Statues of Lenin have been toppled in many countries that have rejected communism, but last year in in some cities in eastern Ukraine, pro-Russian protesters rushed to protect statues at risk of being torn down. It also said it had temporarily boarded up some monuments to protect them. No-one would suggest the retention of a statue of Hitler, Dresser notes. © 2021 BBC. The culture secretary, Oliver Dowden, said he had written to MPs, peers and councillors to outline the government’s position, after a week in which tens of thousands of people protested against statues of historical figures linked to slavery and racism. And indeed rows over statues are increasingly common. “Until now he was regarded as the saviour of this country and one of this country’s greatest democrats and parliamentarians. Taken to its extreme, this approach would lead to the eradication of almost every building and statue commemorating notable figures of the past, including the Albert Memorial and Nelson's Column.". The debate over the future of hundreds of statues and monuments in the UK has raged since last weekend, and a growing number of petitions have been set up both for and against their removal. But he was also a key philanthropist in the city - which was a major hub for the wider trade around slavery - and is remembered with a statue and an annual day of celebration. Activists compile 'hit list' of 60 historical statues in the UK after toppling Colston DEMONSTRATORS have drawn up a "hit list" of 60 historical statues … The legacy of slavery, imperialism and race aren't the only reasons for campaigning against a statue. Dresser suggests there is another way for more recent statues to be handled. The government has signalled that it will not remove any statues or monuments from its property, as tensions mount over the UK’s memorials to controversial figures. Felix Dzerzhinsky was the first statue to be moved there, and Lenin and Stalin soon followed. While the statues of Rhodes may be disappearing from South Africa, the giant Voortrekker Monument in Pretoria has remained and - despite its background of Afrikaner nationalism being associated with the later rise of apartheid - been tolerated as a slice of history and an opportunity to discuss the wrongs as well as the rights of bygone eras. In a three-page letter, Dowden said heritage should be used to educate people about all aspects of Britain’s morally complex past, “rather than airbrushing history”. I survived the air raids on Cologne as a teenager.". Ashley phoned in to make the case that the removal of apparently racist figures would help improve dialogue and heal the scars of racism in the UK. Read about our approach to external linking. Equally symbolically, a statue of Lenin in Odessa was turned into Darth Vader. In a … Street names could also not be changed without the formal consent of two-thirds of residents who live on the street. The toppling of statues by anti-racism protesters is justified according to this caller, and he argued that such monuments would be removed if white people were offended by them. It was later among the statues boarded up before planned anti-racism protests in London. The City of London Corporation voted on Thursday to re-site monuments to William Beckford and Sir John Cass in Guildhall because they accrued wealth through the slave trade and symbolise “a … Contentious memorials teach about about Britain’s morally complex past, minister says, Last modified on Sat 13 Jun 2020 17.23 BST. Now there is intense controversy over whether the statue should be removed. Other debates over statues may soon follow the same subtle path. Campaigners say these UK statues with links to racism and slavery should be removed - see the full list. Imperialist, businessman and politician who played a dominant role in southern Africa in the late 19th Century, driving the annexation of vast swathes of land, Born the son of a vicar in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, in 1853, first went to Africa at the age of 17; grew cotton with his brother in Natal, but moved into diamond mining, founding De Beers, which until recently controlled the global trade, Rhodes's bequest continues to finance scholarships bearing his name, allowing overseas students to come to Oxford University; most famous of these was probably Bill Clinton, Controversial even in his own time, Rhodes backed the disastrous Jameson Raid of 1895, in which a small British force tried to overthrow the gold-rich Transvaal Republic, helping prompt the Second Boer War, in which tens of thousands died. 'Topple the racists': full list of UK statues campaigners want removed because of racist associations - from Robert Peel to Robert Milligan Statues depicting Henry Dundas in … Video, QAnon in disarray after Biden inauguration, Trump 'prank-called by Piers Morgan impersonator', Canada governor general quits amid bullying claims, Anger at Margaret Court's Order of Australia award, Senegalese student sorry after vanishing in France, Australian Open player with Covid 'sorry' over row, Russia detains Navalny aides as protests go viral, pro-Russian protesters rushed to protect statues at risk of being torn down, a row is rumbling on in Bristol over the commemoration of Edward Colston, intense controversy over whether the statue should be removed. 14.9KSharesChair of Lambeth Independent Police Advisory Group and community activist Lorraine Jones said she wasn’t sure if the statue of former Prime Minister Winston Churchill should be removed because she hasn’t ‘personally met him.’ Advertisement Lorraine Jones appeared on Channel 4 News yesterday to speak with presenter Cathy Newman about the recent protests and counter-protests […] "Do we start taking them all down?". debate over the future of hundreds of statues and monuments. View a PDF version of this topic guide here.. INTRODUCTION. UK Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick said new legal protections mean that historic statues should be "retained and explained" for future generations and … “I find it extraordinary that millions and millions of people all over the world who look up to Britain will be astonished that a statue of Churchill and the Cenotaph, our national war memorial, could have been defaced in this disgusting way,” he said. When a statue of him was proposed for Westminster in 1895, it was met with bitter opposition in Parliament from both Irish Nationalists and Conservatives. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Activists are campaigning for a statue of Cecil Rhodes to be removed from an Oxford college. Google threatens to pull search engine in Australia, Iran's leader tweets attack threat to golfer Trump, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}'Only our generation can heal America' Video'Only our generation can heal America', ‘The painful call that helped me break free from my mum’. But the movement against his statue was aimed at wider targets - continuing domination of education by white academics and generally addressing the lack of change in modern South Africa. One letter writer to the Times said: "We need not be proud of a man who, for all his professional skill and dedication, committed the force to acts of destruction devoid of direct military value, of which people of humane and Christian sentiments have long been bitterly ashamed. The UK government could make it more difficult for local authorities to take down public monuments to controversial historical figures. And there is an argument that removing statues has the potential to harm our understanding of history. She acknowledged some of her grandfather’s views would be considered unacceptable today, but said millions of British people rightly saw him as a hero. Africa's long wait for the Covid-19 vaccine, The vehicle that got a village smiling. The problem with statues is that stone or bronze is meant to last forever, but reputations crumble much more easily. A statue of Scouts founder Robert Baden-Powell will be removed from a quayside in Dorset, southern England, as the UK continues to reckon with monuments of its imperialist past. Protesters across the UK are asking for statues and symbols across the UK to be changed or removed. By Finlay Greig. Earlier, this year the #RhodesMustFall movement succeeded in getting the statue of the diamond tycoon and imperialist removed from the University of Cape Town. Calls have been made to remove statues across the UK that commemorate Britain’s slave trade history (Picture: PA/Getty) Calls to remove statues across the UK … “It feels like a society that has lost its compass.”. A statue of the 17th-century slave trader Edward Colston was toppled in Bristol last weekend, and Poole council announced plans to remove a statue of Robert Baden-Powell, the Scout movement founder, over concerns anti-racism activists would target it. That is why the statue is there. Students at the University of Missouri also asked for a statue of Thomas Jefferson - third president of the US - to be taken down as he was a "racist rapist". UK statues which anti-racism protesters want to have taken down. I really wouldn’t mind if all the 800-plus statues in the UK (less than 3 per cent are of historical, non-royal women) were taken down and put in a museum. Other statue subjects have been controversial from the start. It has also been suggested that statues shouldn't be removed but new plaques could be added which explain why the person is controversial, for … The 1992 unveiling of a statue of Arthur "Bomber" Harris, head of the RAF's Bomber Command in World War Two, created a wave of protest, culminating in sustained vandalism. In the UK, a row is rumbling on in Bristol over the commemoration of Edward Colston. The 17th Century businessman and MP was a key figure in the Royal African Company and the transport of many thousands of slaves. Many critics have suggested that instead of being destroyed, the statues being removed in the UK should be placed in a museum to be studied. Protesters across the UK are asking for statues and symbols across the UK to be changed or removed. A Topple the Racists campaign has compiled a list of around 60 statues and plaques that should be removed Anti-racism campaigners have identified around 60 statues they want removed … The statue of slave owner Robert Milligan in London has already been taken down, while there are plans to temporarily remove the monument for Robert Baden-Powell, the … The toppling of statues by anti-racism protesters is justified according to this caller, and he argued that such monuments would be removed if white people were offended by them. A century later a group of MPs campaigned to have it melted down. Harris was criticised for having masterminded saturation bombing of areas of Germany that cost large numbers of civilian lives. “He was a powerful, complex man with infinitely more good than bad in the ledger of his life,” she told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme. The home secretary, Priti Patel, called for the statue in Parliament Square to be uncovered immediately and criticised the London mayor, Sadiq Khan, for boarding it up. Speaking on BBC Radio 5 Live to BBC host Nicky Campbell, Ms Johnson argued all statues of monarchs across the country should be removed as she deemed them offensive in … The one such statue to remain - that of Marcus Aurelius - was spared the furnace only because it was wrongly thought to depict the Christian Emperor Constantine. “So in this sense, pretty much every statue raised in the UK to a person living between 1660 and 1811 would need to come down,” she says. A UK minister first announced the decision in op-ed in the Telegraph on Sunday, in which he argued that public monuments … When those values are not shared a debate needs to be started.". The plans were thwarted, however, dozens of local people, some in Scout uniforms, surrounded the statue. Now there is intense controversy over whether the statue should be removed. “In our democracy, if one wishes to change the urban landscape, this should be done through the democratic process,” he wrote. Soames, however, said Khan was right to heed police advice and board up the statue and the nearby Cenotaph. "I think it is a process, rather than the actual removal, starting a debate about collective values. Wednesday, 10th June 2020, 12:05 pm. “These people who are marching did not set out to do this, but a very, very small, extremely explosive group of people who have made a practice of hijacking entirely responsible demonstrations are behaving in an unspeakable and cowardly manner. UK Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick said new legal protections mean that historic statues should be “retained and explained” for future generations and … Leader of the opposition Economic Freedom Fighters Julius Malema said: "It is through collapsing of these types of symbols that the white minority will begin to appreciate that there's nothing superior about them.". Protesters in Bristol have removed the statue of a man named Edward Colston - but why do we have statues of people in the UK, and when should they be taken down? Ashley phoned in to make the case that the removal of apparently racist figures would help improve dialogue and heal the scars of racism in the UK. People weren’t looking at the entire record of people when they put up statues to them. The government has signalled that it will not remove any statues or monuments from its property, as tensions mount over the UK’s memorials to controversial figures. Members of the ex-president's party say he deserves "a full and fair process that respects his rights". switch to the UK edition switch to the Australia edition ... his spokesman was ambiguous as to whether he believed no statues should be removed under any circumstances. Should controversial statues be removed or kept as a reminder of the past? One letter writer to the Daily Telegraph argued: "The trouble… is that almost every person of that era held opinions that were commonplace at the time but are at odds with modern thinking. The movement against him is part of a wider drive to get rid of monuments to figures who are now intensely controversial. Oliver Cromwell is credited by many with being a key figure in the development of Western democracy. The toppling of a statue of 17th century slave owner Edward Colston in Bristol yesterday has sparked calls for other monuments with links to Britain's colonial past to be removed UK Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick said new legal protections mean that historic statues should be “retained and explained” for future generations and individuals who want to remove any historic statue, whether protected with a “listed” status or not, will now require listed building consent or planning permission. Soames told the Daily Telegraph the incident, in which the word “racist” was scrawled on the monument, suggested British society had “lost its compass”. 14.9KSharesChair of Lambeth Independent Police Advisory Group and community activist Lorraine Jones said she wasn’t sure if the statue of former Prime Minister Winston Churchill should be removed because she hasn’t ‘personally met him.’ Advertisement Lorraine Jones appeared on Channel 4 News yesterday to speak with presenter Cathy Newman about the recent protests and counter-protests […] Representation of this country - supremacy, racism, misogyny, '' said student representative Ramabina Mahapa and MP a. Street names could also not be changed without the formal consent of two-thirds of residents who on! Lightning rods, symbols of the monuments were listed and could not be without. By the death of George Floyd font-style: italic ; } Activists are campaigning for a statue respects! 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